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Scottish Farming

Some 75% of Scotland’s land mass is under agricultural production, making the industry the single biggest determinant of the landscape we see around us.

Scotland’s farmers, crofters and growers produce output worth around £2 billion a year, and are responsible for much of Scotland’s £400 million food exports, rising to £2.4 billion if whisky exports are included. It is the bedrock of Scotland's £7.4 billion food and drinks industry.

Around 70,000 people are directly employed in agriculture in Scotland – this means that agriculture is the third largest employer in rural Scotland after the service and public sectors. It is estimated that a further 250,000 jobs (1 in 10 of all Scottish jobs) are dependent on agriculture. The agri-food processing industry is the UK's largest manufacturing sector.

Around 85% of Scotland is classified as Less Favoured Area. This is an EU classification which recognises natural and geographic disadvantage.

Farm Incomes

According to the Scottish Executive figures, the average net farm income last year was £13,100. This is significantly lower than the average annual UK salary which is between £21,000 and £24,000.

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